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An appeal is an application to a higher court to reconsider the decision made by a lower court on the ground that there has been an error in the decision of the lower court.

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Civil matter

Provides a forum in which disputes such as torts, contractual disputes, wills, commercial disputes and many other private matters are heard.


Committal hearing

A committal hearing is a hearing to determine whether there is sufficient evidence for the person charged to stand trial or to be committed for sentencing.

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It is a term which is largely used in tribunals and alternative dispute processes. A determination is the role or action of the person trying and determining the dispute.

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Financial manager

A financial manager is a person who has the authority to make decisions regarding a person’s financial affairs such as operating bank accounts, paying bills, making investments and authorising payments for items or services that the person may need.

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Guardian (Guardianship Tribunal only)

A guardian is someone that has been appointed to make decisions on behalf of a family member or friend. The NSW Guardianship Tribunal appoints guardians or enduring guardians.


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Indictable offences

An indictable offence is generally a serious offence with greater penalties.



It is a formal court hearing conducted by a coroner, with or without a jury, into the circumstances of an examinable or reportable death, or a fire or explosion.

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A judge is a person who is invested with authority to determine matters requiring legal remedy, he or she adjudicates a disputes, tries or passes sentence to offenders.



Broadly speaking jurisdiction refers to the power and authority of a government to legislate, adjudicate and to enforce its laws. Jurisdiction with regards to courts is concerned with what kind of cases a court has the power to hear and try.

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A public officer who is concerned with the administration of law.

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All citizens have a duty of care to take into account any harmful effects that their activities may have upon other members of the public. Negligence is a person’s failure to exercise a duty of care which results in damage or injury.

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This refers to the actions of boards and other government entities in which there are hearings, orders and judgements.

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Summary offences

Summary offences are offences which are triable on indictment by the Crown and are generally determined by a magistrate rather then a judge and jury.

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A tort is a civil wrong or wrongful act, whether it is intentional or accidental from which injury occurs to another. Tort law is a major area of law which includes things like negligence, intentional tort which may also be crime such as wrongful death, assault, fraud etc.



A tortfeasor is the person who commits a tort; it can be either intentional or negligent.

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If you would like more information or advice regarding a matter involving a court or tribunal, please complete and submit the Express Enquiry form on the top right hand side of this page and we will contact you to discuss your enquiry, or call us on 1300 QUINNS (1300 784 667) or on +61 2 9223 9166 to arrange an appointment.